sql server 运维时CPU,内部存储器,操作系统等新闻查询(用sql语句)

有希望出现不一样操作系统具有同样Version number值,例如Windows 七 和Windows
Server 二〇〇玖 君越二的Version
numberd都为6.壹。导致上面查询结果出现多条记下(如下所示)。1般要酌情判断(假使生产服务器都为Windows服务器,可以去除Windows
XP、Windows 七那类数据)。

2:查看数据库服务器内存的新闻
能或不可能通过SQL语句获取服务器的物理内部存款和储蓄器大小?内部存款和储蓄器条型号?虚拟内存大小?内部存款和储蓄器使用状态?
当前我所知晓的只好通过SQL语句获取服务器物理内部存款和储蓄器大小,内部存储器的采取景况。
至于内部存款和储蓄器条型号,
系统虚拟内部存款和储蓄器大小,权且好像还不能透过SQL语句获取。
查看服务器的物理内部存款和储蓄器情况
如下所示,从sys.dm_os_sys_info里面获取的physical_memory_in_bytes
或physical_memory_kb 的值总是低于实际物理内部存储器。
权且不清楚具体原因(还未查到有关材料),所以测算大小有出入,要博得实际的情理内部存款和储蓄器,就亟须正视CEILING函数。

CREATE TABLE #TempTable
(
[Index] VARCHAR(2000) ,
[Name] VARCHAR(2000) ,
[Internal_Value] VARCHAR(2000) ,
[Character_Value] VARCHAR(2000)
);
INSERT INTO #TempTable
EXEC xp_msver;
SELECT Internal_Value AS VirtualCPUCount
FROM #TempTable
WHERE Name = ‘ProcessorCount’;
DROP TABLE #TempTable;
GO


二:操作系统的版本音信的数码来源https://msdn.microsoft.com/zh-CN/library/ms724832(VS.85).aspx

(二)获取数据库服务器物理内部存款和储蓄器数(适用于全体版本)
CREATE TABLE #TempTable
(
[Index] VARCHAR(2000) ,
[Name] VARCHAR(2000) ,
[Internal_Value] VARCHAR(2000) ,
[Character_Value] VARCHAR(2000)
);
INSERT INTO #TempTable
EXEC xp_msver;
SELECT Internal_Value/1024 AS PhysicalMemory
FROM #TempTable
WHERE Name = ‘PhysicalMemory’;
DROP TABLE #TempTable;
GO

图片 1

咱俩只要用到数据库,一般会遇到数据库运转方面包车型大巴事务,要求大家摸索原因,有诸多是关联处理器(CPU)、内部存款和储蓄器(Memory)、磁盘(Disk)以及操作系统的,那时我们就须要查询他们的片段装置和内容,
上面讲的正是何许查询它们的连带音信。
一、(一)获取数据库服务器CPU核数等信息(只适用于SQL
二零零五以及上述版本数据库)
/*************************************************************************************
–cpu_count :钦赐系统中的逻辑 CPU 数
–hyperthread_ratio
:钦定二个物理处理器阎罗包老开的逻辑内核数与物理内核数的比.虚拟机
— 中得以表示每一个虚拟插槽的核数。虚拟中[Physical CPU Count]其实
— 代表虚拟插槽数
*************************************************************************************/
SELECT s.cpu_count AS [Loggic CPU Count]
,s.hyperthread_ratio AS [Hyperthread Ratio]
,s.cpu_count/s.hyperthread_ratio AS [Physical CPU Count]
FROM sys.dm_os_sys_info s OPTION (RECOMPILE)

 

四:查看操作系统音信

注意:

(3)适用于SQL Server 2012 到 SQL Server 2014
SELECT CEILING(physical_memory_kb*1.0/1024/1024) AS [Physical Memory
Size]
FROM sys.dm_os_sys_info OPTION (RECOMPILE);

二:在鬼子博客中看到多个乘除CPU相关消息的SQL,可是虚拟机总括有点小意思
DECLARE @xp_msver TABLE (
[idx] [int] NULL
,[c_name] [varchar](100) NULL
,[int_val] [float] NULL
,[c_val] [varchar](128) NULL
)
INSERT INTO @xp_msver
EXEC (‘[master]..[xp_msver]’);;
WITH [ProcessorInfo]
AS (
SELECT ([cpu_count] / [hyperthread_ratio]) AS
[number_of_physical_cpus]
,CASE
WHEN hyperthread_ratio = cpu_count
THEN cpu_count
ELSE (([cpu_count] – [hyperthread_ratio]) / ([cpu_count] /
[hyperthread_ratio]))
END AS [number_of_cores_per_cpu]
,CASE
WHEN hyperthread_ratio = cpu_count
THEN cpu_count
ELSE ([cpu_count] / [hyperthread_ratio]) * (([cpu_count] –
[hyperthread_ratio]) / ([cpu_count] / [hyperthread_ratio]))
END AS [total_number_of_cores]
,[cpu_count] AS [number_of_virtual_cpus]
,(
SELECT [c_val]
FROM @xp_msver
WHERE [c_name] = ‘Platform’
) AS [cpu_category]
FROM [sys].[dm_os_sys_info]
)
SELECT [number_of_physical_cpus]
,[number_of_cores_per_cpu]
,[total_number_of_cores]
,[number_of_virtual_cpus]
,LTRIM(RIGHT([cpu_category], CHARINDEX(‘x’, [cpu_category]) – 1))
AS [cpu_category]
FROM [ProcessorInfo]
—查看虚拟机CPU音讯
DECLARE @xp_msver TABLE (
[idx] [int] NULL
,[c_name] [varchar](100) NULL
,[int_val] [float] NULL
,[c_val] [varchar](128) NULL
)
INSERT INTO @xp_msver
EXEC (‘[master]..[xp_msver]’);;
WITH [ProcessorInfo]
AS (
SELECT ([cpu_count] / [hyperthread_ratio]) AS
[number_of_physical_cpus]
,[hyperthread_ratio] AS [number_of_cores_per_cpu]
,[cpu_count] AS [total_number_of_cores]
,[cpu_count] AS [number_of_virtual_cpus]
,(
SELECT [c_val]
FROM @xp_msver
WHERE [c_name] = ‘Platform’
) AS [cpu_category]
FROM [sys].[dm_os_sys_info]
)
SELECT [number_of_physical_cpus]
,[number_of_cores_per_cpu]
,[total_number_of_cores]
,[number_of_virtual_cpus]
,LTRIM(RIGHT([cpu_category], CHARINDEX(‘x’, [cpu_category]) – 1))
AS [cpu_category]
FROM [ProcessorInfo]

1:如上所示,一时半刻表#Language的多少此处只列了几条常用的多寡,如需任何数目,参考https://msdn.microsoft.com/zh-CN/goglobal/bb964664.aspx自行补充。

三:查看数据库服务器硬盘的音讯

收获IP地址可以利用xp_cmdshell执行ipconfig命令;
–开启xp_cmdshell
exec sp_configure’show advanced options’, 1
reconfigure with override
exec sp_configure’xp_cmdshell’, 1
reconfigure with override
exec sp_configure’show advanced options’, 0
reconfigure with override
go
begin
declare @ipline varchar(200)
declare @pos int
declare @ip varchar(40)
set nocount on
set @ip = null
if object_id(‘tempdb..#temp’) is not null drop table #temp
create table #temp(ipline varchar(200))
insert #temp exec master..xp_cmdshell’ipconfig’
select @ipline = ipline
from #temp
where upper(ipline) like ‘%IPv四地址%’–那里须求留意一下,系统差别那里的相配值就不一样
if @ipline is not null
begin
set @pos = charindex(‘:’,@ipline,1);
set @ip = rtrim(ltrim(substring(@ipline ,
@pos + 1 ,
len(@ipline) – @pos)))
end
select distinct(rtrim(ltrim(substring(@ipline ,
@pos + 1 ,
len(@ipline) – @pos)))) as ipaddress from #temp
drop table #temp
set nocount off
end
go

1、(壹)适用于SQL Server
200九以及上述的版本:查看物理内存大小,已经使用的情理内部存款和储蓄器以及还剩余的情理内部存款和储蓄器。
SELECT CEILING(total_physical_memory_kb * 1.0 / 1024 / 1024) AS
[Physical Memory Size]
,CAST(available_physical_memory_kb * 1.0 / 1024 / 1024
AS DECIMAL(8, 4)) AS [Unused Physical Memory]
,CAST(( total_physical_memory_kb – available_physical_memory_kb )
* 1.0
/ 1024 / 1024 AS DECIMAL(8, 4)) AS [Used Physical Memory]
,CAST(system_cache_kb*1.0 / 1024/1024 AS DECIMAL(8, 4)) AS [System
Cache Size]
FROM sys.dm_os_sys_memory

壹般来说所示,大家得以由此下边脚本获取服务器的依次磁盘的使用状态。不过力不从心获得磁盘的型号、转速之类的音讯。
SET NOCOUNT ON
DECLARE @Result INT;
DECLARE @objectInfo INT;
DECLARE @DriveInfo CHAR(1);
DECLARE @TotalSize VARCHAR(20);
DECLARE @OutDrive INT;
DECLARE @UnitMB BIGINT;
DECLARE @FreeRat FLOAT;
SET @UnitMB = 1048576;
–创造一时半刻表保存服务器磁盘容积新闻
CREATE TABLE #DiskCapacity
(
[DiskCD] CHAR(1) ,
FreeSize INT ,
TotalSize INT
);
INSERT #DiskCapacity([DiskCD], FreeSize )
EXEC master.dbo.xp_fixeddrives;
EXEC sp_configure ‘show advanced options’, 1
RECONFIGURE WITH OVERRIDE;
EXEC sp_configure ‘Ole Automation Procedures’, 1;
RECONFIGURE WITH OVERRIDE;
EXEC @Result = master.sys.sp_OACreate
‘Scripting.FileSystemObject’,@objectInfo OUT;
DECLARE CR_DiskInfo CURSOR LOCAL FAST_FORWARD
FOR
SELECT DiskCD FROM #DiskCapacity
ORDER by DiskCD
OPEN CR_DiskInfo;
FETCH NEXT FROM CR_DiskInfo INTO @DriveInfo
WHILE @@FETCH_STATUS=0
BEGIN
EXEC @Result = sp_OAMethod @objectInfo,’GetDrive’, @OutDrive OUT,
@DriveInfo
EXEC @Result = sp_OAGetProperty @OutDrive,’TotalSize’, @TotalSize OUT
UPDATE #DiskCapacity
SET TotalSize=@TotalSize/@UnitMB
WHERE DiskCD=@DriveInfo
FETCH NEXT FROM CR_DiskInfo INTO @DriveInfo
END
CLOSE CR_DiskInfo
DEALLOCATE CR_DiskInfo;
EXEC @Result=sp_OADestroy @objectInfo
EXEC sp_configure ‘show advanced options’, 1
RECONFIGURE WITH OVERRIDE;
EXEC sp_configure ‘Ole Automation Procedures’, 0;
RECONFIGURE WITH OVERRIDE;
EXEC sp_configure ‘show advanced options’, 0
RECONFIGURE WITH OVERRIDE;
SELECT DiskCD AS [Drive CD] ,
STR(TotalSize*1.0/1024,6,2) AS [Total Size(GB)] ,
STR((TotalSize – FreeSize)*1.0/1024,6,2) AS [Used Space(GB)] ,
STR(FreeSize*1.0/1024,6,2) AS [Free Space(GB)] ,
STR(( TotalSize – FreeSize)*1.0/(TotalSize)* 100.0,6,2) AS [Used
Rate(%)] ,
STR(( FreeSize * 1.0/ ( TotalSize ) ) * 100.0,6,2) AS [Free
Rate(%)]
FROM #DiskCapacity;
DROP TABLE #DiskCapacity


(2) 获取数据库服务器CPU核数(适用于拥有版本

唯独洋洋景色下是因为安全题材是不允许行使xp_cmdshell,能够经过询问SYS.DM_EXEC_CONNECTIONS

SELECT SERVERNAME =
CONVERT(NVARCHAR(128),SERVERPROPERTY(‘SERVERNAME’))
,LOCAL_NET_ADDRESS AS ‘IPAddressOfSQLServer’
,CLIENT_NET_ADDRESS AS ‘ClientIPAddress’
FROM SYS.DM_EXEC_CONNECTIONS WHERE SESSION_ID = @@SPID

上面是通过sql语句询问,能够经过(那里是2014版)点击数据库-属性–能够观察不可胜计音讯,然而看不到物理内存和虚拟内部存款和储蓄器,1般在品质-内部存款和储蓄器-最大内存设置:物理内部存款和储蓄器的五分之四

接纳SQL语句获得服务器名称和IP地址 获取服务器名称:

SELECT SERVERPROPERTY(‘MachineName’)
select @@SERVERNAME
select HOST_NAME()

透过上边SQL语句,大家得以查看操作系统版本、补丁、语言等音信
–创设临时表保存语言版本音讯
CREATE TABLE #Language
(
[LanguageDtl] NVARCHAR(64) ,
[os_language_version] INT
);
INSERT INTO #Language
SELECT ‘English – United States’ ,1033 UNION ALL
SELECT ‘English – United Kingdom’ ,2057 UNION ALL
SELECT ‘Chinese – People”s Republic of China’,2052 UNION ALL
SELECT ‘Chinese – Singapore’ ,4100 UNION ALL
SELECT ‘Chinese – Taiwan’ ,1028 UNION ALL
SELECT ‘Chinese – Hong Kong SAR’ ,3076 UNION ALL
SELECT ‘Chinese – Macao SAR’ ,5124;
WITH SystemVersion(SystemInfo,ReleaseNo)
AS
(
SELECT ‘Windows 10’ ,
‘10.0*’
UNION ALL
SELECT ‘Windows Server 2016 Technical Preview’ ,
‘10.0*’
UNION ALL
SELECT ‘Windows 8.1’ ,
‘6.3*’
UNION ALL
SELECT ‘Windows Server 2012 R2’ ,
‘6.3’
UNION ALL
SELECT ‘Windows 8’ ,
‘6.2’
UNION ALL
SELECT ‘Windows Server 2012’ ,
‘6.2’
UNION ALL
SELECT ‘Windows 7’ ,
‘6.1’
UNION ALL
SELECT ‘Windows Server 2008 R2’ ,
‘6.1’
UNION ALL
SELECT ‘Windows Server 2008’ ,
‘6.0’
UNION ALL
SELECT ‘Windows Vista’ ,
‘6.0’
UNION ALL
SELECT ‘Windows Server 2003 R2’ ,
‘5.2’
UNION ALL
SELECT ‘Windows Server 2003’ ,
‘5.2’
UNION ALL
SELECT ‘Windows XP 64-Bit Edition’ ,
‘5.2’
UNION ALL
SELECT ‘Windows XP’ ,
‘5.1’
UNION ALL
SELECT ‘Windows 2000’ ,
‘5.0’
)
SELECT s.SystemInfo
,w.windows_service_pack_level
,l.LanguageDtl
FROM sys.dm_os_windows_info w
INNER JOIN SystemVersion s ON w.windows_release=s.ReleaseNo
INNER JOIN #Language l ON l.os_language_version =
w.os_language_version;
DROP TABLE #Language

相关文章