CMD命令讲解(一)SC

Syntax

sc [ServerNameqc [ServiceName] [BufferSize]

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Examples

The following example shows how you can use the sc start command:

sc start tapisrv

sc stop

Sends a STOP control request to a service.

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Parameters

ServerName   Specifies the name of the remote server on
which the service is located. The name must use the UNC format
(“\\myserver”). To run SC.exe locally, ignore this parameter.

/? Displays help at the command prompt.

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Remarks

  • Use the continue operation to resume a paused service.

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Parameters

ServerName   Specifies the name of the remote server on
which the service is located. The name must use the UNC format
(“\\myserver”). To run SC.exe locally, ignore this parameter.

ServiceName   Specifies the service name returned by
the getkeyname operation.

BufferSize   Specifies the size (in bytes) of the
enumeration buffer. The default is 1024 bytes.

/? Displays help at the command prompt.

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Remarks

  • Use the pause operation to pause a service before shutting it
    down.

  • Not all services can be paused.

  • Not all services perform the same when paused. Some continue to
    service existing clients, but refuse to accept new clients. Others
    cease to service existing clients and also refuse to accept new
    ones.

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Parameters

ServerName   Specifies the name of the remote server on
which the service is located. The name must use the UNC format
(“\\myserver”). To run SC.exe locally, ignore this parameter.

ServiceName   Specifies the service name returned by
the getkeyname peration.

BufferSize   Specifies the size (in bytes) of the buffer.
The default is 1024 bytes.

/? Displays help at the command prompt.

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Parameters

ServerName   : 钦赐服务所在的中距离服务器的称号。名称必须接纳通用命名约定(UNC)格式(“myserver”)。要在地头运维sc.exe,请忽略那么些参数。

ServiceName   : 钦赐由getkeyname操作再次来到的劳动名称。

type= { own | share | kernel | filesys | rec | adapt | interact   type= { own | share }}   : 钦赐了服务类型。

Value

Description

own

服务运行在自己的进程中。它不与其他服务共享一个可执行文件。这是默认的。

share

该服务作为一个共享过程运行。它与其他服务共享一个可执行文件。

kernel

驱动程序

filesys

文件系统驱动程序。

rec

文件系统识别的驱动程序(识别计算机上使用的文件系统)。

adapt

适配器驱动程序(识别硬件项目,如键盘、鼠标和磁盘驱动器)。

interact

该服务可以与桌面交互,接收来自用户的输入。交互式服务必须在LocalSystem帐户下运行。

此类型必须与type= owntype= shared(例如,type= interact type= own)一起使用。

使用type= interact本身就会产生一个无效的参数错误。

start= { boot | system | auto | demand | disabled } : 内定服务的初叶类型。

Value

Description

boot

由引导加载程序加载的设备驱动程序。

system

在内核初始化期间启动的设备驱动程序。

auto

一种服务,每当计算机重新启动并运行,即使没有人登录计算机,它也会自动启动。

demand

必须手动启动的服务。如果start=没有指定,那么这就是默认值。

disabled

无法启动的服务。要启动一个禁用的服务,将start类型更改为其他值。

error= { normal | severe | critical | ignore } : 假诺服务在开发银行时期不能够运维,则钦点错误的不得了程度。

Value

Description

normal

错误会被记录,并且会显示一个消息框,通知用户一个服务没有启动。程序将继续下去。这是默认设置。

severe

错误被记录(如果可能的话)。计算机试图以最后一组良好的配置重新启动。这可能导致计算机能够重新启动,但是服务可能仍然无法运行。

critical

错误被记录(如果可能的话)。计算机试图以最后一组良好的配置重新启动。如果最后一个好的配置失败了,启动也会失败,引导过程会停止错误。

ignore

错误被记录,启动继续。除了记录事件日志中的错误之外,没有通知用户。

binpath=   BinaryPathName   : 钦赐服务二进制文件的不二法门。

group=   LoadOrderGroup   : 钦点该服务为成员的组的名目。组的列表存款和储蓄在HKLM系统CurrentControlSet控制ServiceGroupOrder子键的注册表中。私下认可为空。

tag= { yes | no } : 钦命是或不是从CreateService调用中获取二个TagID。标签只用于运转运行和系统运转驱动程序。

depend=   dependencies   : 钦命必须在此服务从前运行的服务或组的名目。名称由前斜杠(/)分隔绝。

obj= { AccountName | ObjectName } :钦赐服务将运转的帐户的称号,或钦定驱动程序运维的Windows驱动程序对象的称呼。缺省值是LocalSystem。

displayname=   DisplayName   : 钦命一个和谐的、有含义的名目,能够在用户界面程序中利用,以识别用户的劳动。例如,3个服务的子键名是wuauserv,它对用户并未援助,展现名是自动更新。

password=   Password   : 钦定多个密码。即使应用的是LocalSystem帐户以外的帐户,则要求如此做。

/ ?在命令提醒符中呈现帮忙。

Examples

The following examples show how you can use the sc
getkeyname
 command:

sc getkeyname “remote procedure call (rpc)” 
sc getkeyname “internet connection sharing” 
sc getkeyname clipbook

sc interrogate

Sends an INTERROGATE control request to a service.

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Syntax

sc [ServerNamegetkeyname [ServiceDisplayName] [BufferSize]

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Remarks

  • For more information about SDDL, see “Security Descriptor Definition
    Language” at the MSDN Online
    Library 
    .

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Examples

The following examples show how you can use the sc
enumdepend
 command:

sc enumdepend rpcss 5690 
sc enumdepend tapisrv

sc failure

Specifies what action to take upon failure of the service.

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Parameters

ServerName   Specifies the name of the remote server on
which the service is located. The name must use the UNC format
(“\\myserver”). To run SC.exe locally, ignore this parameter.

ServiceName   Specifies the service name returned by
the getkeyname operation.

BufferSize   Specifies the size (in bytes) of the buffer.
The default is 1024 bytes.

/? Displays help at the command prompt.

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Syntax

sc [ServerNamecontinue [ServiceName]

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意味着最后2个指导是不是应该被保存为尾声三个一举两得的安顿。

Formatting legend

Format

Meaning

Italic

Information that the user must supply

Bold

Elements that the user must type exactly as shown

Ellipsis (…)

Parameter that can be repeated several times in a command line

Between brackets ([])

Optional items

Between braces ({}); choices separated by pipe (|). Example: {even|odd}

Set of choices from which the user must choose only one

Courier font

Code or program output

 

 

 

Remarks

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Syntax

sc [ServerNameboot [{bad|OK}]

Parameters

ServerName   Specifies the name of the remote server on
which the service is located. The name must use the UNC format
(“\\myserver”). To run SC.exe locally, ignore this parameter.

ServiceName   Specifies the service name returned by
the getkeyname operation.

/? Displays help at the command prompt.

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Examples

sc sdshow rpcss

sc start

Starts a service running.

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参考网站:https://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/bb490995.aspx

Syntax

sc [ServerNamepause [ServiceName]

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Examples

The following examples show how you can use the sc qfailure command:

sc qfailure rpcss 
sc qfailure rpcss 20

sc query

Obtains and displays information about the specified service, driver,
type of service, or type of driver.

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Syntax

sc [ServerNamedelete [ServiceName]

Parameters

ServerName   Specifies the name of the remote server on
which the service is located. The name must use the UNC format
(“\\myserver”). To run SC.exe locally, ignore this parameter.

ServiceDisplayName   Specifies the display name of the
service.

BufferSize   Specifies the size (in bytes) of the buffer.
The default is 1024 bytes.

/? Displays help at the command prompt.

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Parameters

ServerName   Specifies the name of the remote server on
which the service is located. The name must use the UNC format
(“\\myserver”). To run SC.exe locally, ignore this parameter.

ServiceName   Specifies the service name returned by
the getkeyname operation.

BufferSize   Specifies the size (in bytes) of the buffer.
The default is 1024 bytes.

/? Displays help at the command prompt.

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Examples

下边包车型地铁例证呈现了如何行使sc boot 命令:

sc boot ok 
sc boot bad

sc config 

在登记中央和服务控制管理器的数据库中期维修改服务条目标值。

Parameters

ServerName   Specifies the name of the remote server on
which the service is located. The name must use the UNC format
(“\\myserver”). To run SC.exe locally, ignore this parameter.

ServiceName   Specifies the service name returned by
the getkeyname operation.

/? Displays help at the command prompt.

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Remarks

  • Not all services allow changes to their failure options. Some run as
    part of a service set.

  • To run a batch file upon failure,
    specify cmd**.exe Drive:\FileName.bat to
    the 
    command= parameter, where Drive:\FileName.bat**is
    the fully qualified name of the batch file.

  • To run a VBS file upon failure, specify cscript
    drive**
    :\myscript.vbs to the command= parameter,
    where drive
    :\myscript.vbs** is the fully qualified name
    of the script file.

  • It is possible to specify three different actions to
    the actions= parameter, which will be used the first, second,
    and third time a service fails.

  • Without a space between a parameter and its value (that is, type=
    own
    , not type=own), the operation will fail.

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备考:网站内容是翻译得来,源网站在地方

Parameters

ServerName   Specifies the name of the remote server on
which the service is located. The name must use the UNC format
(“\\myserver”). To run SC.exe locally, ignore this parameter.

ServiceName   Specifies the service name returned by
the getkeyname operation. This query parameter is not used in
conjunction with other query parameters (other than ServerName).

type= { driver | service | all }   Specifies
what to enumerate. The default type is service.

Value

Description

driver

Specifies that only drivers are enumerated.

service

Specifies that only services are enumerated.

all

Specifies that both drivers and services are enumerated.

type= { own | share | interact | kernel | filesys | rec | adapt }   Specifies
the type of services or type of drivers to enumerate.

Value

Description

own

The service runs in its own process. It does not share an executable file with other services. This is the default.

share

The service runs as a shared process. It shares an executable file with other services.

interact

The service can interact with the desktop, receiving input from users. Interactive services must be run under the LocalSystem account.

kernel

Driver.

filesys

File system driver.

state= { active | inactive | all }   Specifies
the started state of the service for which to enumerate. The default
state is active.

Value

Description

active

Specifies all active services.

inactive

Specifies all paused or stopped services.

all

Specifies all services.

bufsize=   BufferSize   Specifies the size (in
bytes) of the enumeration buffer. The default size is 1024 bytes.
Increase the size of the enumeration buffer when the display resulting
from a query exceeds 1024 bytes.

ri=   ResumeIndex   Specifies the index number at
which to begin or resume the enumeration. The default is 0. Use this
parameter in conjunction with the bufsize= parameter when more
information is returned by a query than the default buffer can display.

group=   GroupName   Specifies the service group to
enumerate. The default is all groups.

/? Displays help at the command prompt.

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Syntax

sc [ServerNameqdescription [ServiceName] [BufferSize]

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Examples

The following examples show how you can use the sc queryex command:

sc queryex messenger 
sc queryex group= “”

sc querylock

Queries and displays the lock status for the Service Control Manager’s
database.

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Syntax

sc [ServerNamequeryex [type= {driver|service|all}] [type= {own|share|interact|kernel|filesys|rec|adapt}] [state={active|inactive|all}] [bufsize= BufferSize] [ri= ResumeIndex] [group= GroupName]

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Remarks

  • Without a space between a parameter and its value (that is, type=
    own
    , not type=own), the operation will fail.

  • The queryex operation displays the following information about a
    service: SERVICE_NAME (service’s registry subkey name), TYPE, STATE
    (as well as states that are not available), WIN32_EXIT_B,
    SERVICE_EXIT_B, CHECKPOINT, WAIT_HINT, PID, and FLAGS.

  • The type= parameter can be used twice in some cases. The first
    appearance of the type= parameter specifies whether to query
    services, drivers, or all. The second appearance of
    the type= parameter specifies a type from
    the create operation to further narrow a query’s scope.

  • When the display resulting from a queryex command exceeds the
    size of the enumeration buffer, a message similar to the following
    is displayed:

    Enum: more data, need 2130 bytes start resume at index 75

    To display the remaining queryex information, rerun queryex,
    setting bufsize= to be the number of bytes and ri= to the
    specified index. For example, the remaining output would be
    displayed by typing the following at the command line:

    sc queryex bufsize= 2130 ri= 75

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Syntax

sc [ServerNamestop ServiceName

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Syntax

sc [ServerNamequerylock

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Parameters

ServerName   : 内定服务所在的长途服务器的名号。名称必须利用UNC格式(“myserver”)。要在地面运营sc.exe,请忽略这么些参数。

ServiceName   : 钦点由该服务重返的劳务名称 getkeyname 操作.

/? :在命令提醒符中展现支持。

Parameters

ServerName   Specifies the name of the remote server on
which the service is located. The name must use the UNC format
(“\\myserver”). To run SC.exe locally, ignore this parameter.

ServiceName   Specifies the service name returned by
the getkeyname operation.

/? Displays help at the command prompt.

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Parameters

ServerName   Specifies the name of the remote server on
which the service is located. The name must use the UNC format
(“\\myserver”). To run SC.exe locally, ignore this parameter.

ServiceName   Specifies the service name returned by
the getkeyname operation.

ServiceSecurityDescriptor   Specifies the service descriptor
in SDDL.

/? Displays help at the command prompt.

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Syntax

sc [ServerNamecreate [ServiceName] [type= {own|share|kernel|filesys|rec|adapt|interact type= {own|share}}] [start={boot|system|auto|demand|disabled}] [error={normal|severe|critical|ignore}] [binpath= BinaryPathName] [group= LoadOrderGroup] [tag={yes|no}] [depend= dependencies] [obj= {AccountName|ObjectName}] [displayname= DisplayName] [password= Password]

Parameters

ServerName   Specifies the name of the remote server on
which the service is located. The name must use the UNC format
(“\\myserver”). To run SC.exe locally, ignore this parameter.

ServiceName   Specifies the service name returned by
the getkeyname operation.

reset=   ErrorFreePeriod   Specifies the length of
the period (in seconds) with no failures after which the failure count
should be reset to 0. This parameter must be used in conjunction with
the actions= parameter.

reboot=   BroadcastMessage   Specifies the message
to be broadcast upon failure of the service.

command=   CommandLine   Specifies the command line
to be run upon failure of the service. For more information about how to
run a batch or VBS file upon failure, see Remarks.

actions=   FailureActionsAndDelayTime   Specifies
the failure actions and their delay time (in milliseconds) separated by
the forward slash (/). The following actions are
valid: runrestart, and reboot. This parameter must be used
in conjunction with the reset=parameter. Use actions= “” to take
no action upon failure.

/? Displays help at the command prompt.

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Parameters

ServerName   Specifies the name of the remote server on
which the service is located. The name must use the UNC format
(“\\myserver”). To run SC.exe locally, ignore this parameter.

ServiceName   Specifies the service name returned by
the getkeyname operation.

/? Displays help at the command prompt.

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Syntax

sc [ServerNameqfailure [ServiceName] [BufferSize]

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Syntax

sc [ServerNamestart ServiceName [ServiceArguments]

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Syntax

sc [ServerNamefailure [ServiceName] [reset= ErrorFreePeriod] [reboot= BroadcastMessage] [command= CommandLine] [actions= FailureActionsAndDelayTime]

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Syntax

sc [ServerNamelock

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Examples

The following examples show how you can use the sc qc command:

sc qc \\myserver newsrvice 
sc qc rpcss 248

sc qdescription

Displays the description string of a service.

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Syntax

sc [ServerNamesdset ServiceName ServiceSecurityDescriptor

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Remarks

  • The qfailure operation displays the following information about
    a service: SERVICE_NAME (service’s registry subkey name),
    RESET_PERIOD, REBOOT_MESSAGE, COMMAND_LINE, and FAILURE_ACTIONS.

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Examples

The following example shows how you can use the sc
description
 command:

sc description newserv “Runs quality of service control.”

sc enumdepend

Lists the services that cannot run unless the specified service is
running.

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Parameter

ServerName   Specifies the name of the remote server on
which the service is located. The name must use the UNC format
(“\\myserver”). To run SC.exe locally, ignore this parameter.

/? Displays help at the command prompt.

sc sdset

Sets a service’s security descriptor using Service Descriptor Definition
Language (SDDL).

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Parameters

ServerName   : 内定服务所在的长途服务器的称号。名称必须使用通用命名约定(UNC)格式(“myserver”)。要在地面运转sc.exe,请忽略这么些参数。

ServiceName   Specifies the service name returned by
the getkeyname operation.

{ paramchange | netbindadd | netbindremove | netbindenable | netbinddisable | UserDefinedControlB } : Specifies
a control to send to a service.

/? Displays help at the command prompt.

sc create

在注册主题和服务控制管理器的数据库中为劳动创设二个子键和条文。

Parameters

ServerName   : 钦赐服务所在的长距离服务器的称呼。名称必须采用通用命名约定(UNC)格式(“myserver”)。要在当地运转sc.exe,请忽略那几个参数。

ServiceName   : 钦命由getkeyname操作再次来到的劳务名称。

type= { own | share | kernel | filesys | rec | adapt | interact   type= { own | share }}   : 钦定了劳动类型. 暗许的花色 own.

Value

Description

own

服务运行在自己的进程中。它不与其他服务共享一个可执行文件。这是默认的。

share

该服务作为一个共享过程运行。它与其他服务共享一个可执行文件。

kernel

驱动程序

filesys

文件系统驱动程序。

rec

文件系统识别的驱动程序(识别计算机上使用的文件系统)。

interact

该服务可以与桌面交互,接收来自用户的输入。交互式服务必须在LocalSystem帐户下运行。

此类型必须与type= owntype= shared(例如,type= interact type= own)一起使用。

使用type= interact本身就会产生一个无效的参数错误。

start= { boot | system | auto | demand | disabled } : 钦赐服务的启幕类型。暗中认可的开首是 start= demand.

   

boot

由引导加载程序加载的设备驱动程序。

system

在内核初始化期间启动的设备驱动程序。

auto

一种服务,每当计算机重新启动并运行,即使没有人登录计算机,它也会自动启动。

demand

必须手动启动的服务。这是默认值start没有指定。

disabled

无法启动的服务。要启动一个禁用的服务,将start类型更改为其他值。

error= { normal | severe | critical | ignore } : 假设服务在运行时期不能开发银行,则钦点错误的不得了程度。私下认可值是error= normal.

   

normal

错误会被记录,并且会显示一个消息框,通知用户一个服务没有启动。公司将继续下去。这是默认设置。

severe

错误被记录(如果可能的话)。计算机试图以最后一组良好的配置重新启动。这可能导致计算机能够重新启动,但是服务可能仍然无法运行。

critical

错误被记录(如果可能的话)。计算机试图以最后一组良好的配置重新启动。如果最后一个好的配置失败了,启动也会失败,引导过程会停止错误。

ignore

错误被记录,启动继续。除了记录事件日志中的错误之外,没有通知用户。

binpath=   BinaryPathName   : 内定服务二进制文件的途径。没有暗中同意值 ,binpath本条字符串必须提供.

group=   LoadOrderGroup   :钦命该服务为成员的组的名号。组的列表存储在注册表中 HKLM\System\CurrentControlSet\Control\瑟维斯GroupOrder
subkey. 暗中同意为空。

tag= { yes | no } : 钦命是不是从Create瑟维斯调用中拿走三个TagID。标签只用于运转运转和系统运行驱动程序。

depend=   dependencies   : 钦赐必须在此服务在此以前运营的劳务或组的称号。名称由前斜杠(/)分隔绝。

obj= { AccountName | ObjectName } : 内定服务将运营的帐户的称呼,或钦点驱动程序运营的Windows驱动程序对象的名称。

displayname=   DisplayName   : 钦命三个要好的称谓,用户界面程序能够利用它来标识服务。

password=   Password   : 钦定一个密码。假使应用的是LocalSystem以外的帐户,则须要如此做。

/? : 在命令提醒符中展现支持。 

Parameters

ServerName   Specifies the name of the remote server on
which the service is located. The name must use the UNC format
(“\\myserver”). To run SC.exe locally, ignore this parameter.

ServiceName   Specifies the service name returned by
the getkeyname operation.

Description   Specifies a description for the specified
service. If no string is specified, the description of the service is
not modified. There is no limit to the number of characters that can be
contained in the service description.

/? Displays help at the command prompt.

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Remarks

  • The qc operation displays the following information about a
    service: SERVICE_NAME (service’s registry subkey name), TYPE,
    ERROR_CONTROL, BINARY_PATH_NAME, LOAD_ORDER_GROUP, TAG,
    DISPLAY_NAME, DEPENDENCIES, and SERVICE_START_NAME.

  • Administrators can use SC to determine the binary name of any
    service and find out if it shares a process with other services by
    typing the following at the command line:

    sc qc ServiceName

    SC can help match up services in the Services node of Microsoft
    Management Console (MMC) with processes in System Monitor. If the
    binary name is Services.exe, then the service shares the Service
    Controller process.

    Services.exe starts all services. To conserve system resources,
    several Win32 services developed for Windows are written to share
    the Services.exe process. These services are not listed as separate
    processes in System Monitor or Task Manager. The same is true of
    Svchost.exe which is a service host process that many operating
    services share.

    There might not be a process for every Win32 service because
    third-party Win32 services can also be configured to share
    processes. SC can be used to get configuration information on these
    services. If a service does not share its process with other
    services, however, there will be a process for it in System Monitor
    when the service is running.

  • SC can be useful for developers of services because it provides more
    detailed and accurate information about services than Services.exe,
    which is included with Windows. Services.exe can determine whether a
    service is running, stopped, or paused. Although these tools are
    adequate for a debugged application that is running smoothly, the
    information they provide about a service being developed can be
    misleading. For example, a service that is starting is shown as
    started whether it is actually running or not.

    SC implements calls to all Windows service control application
    programming interface (API) functions. Set the parameters to these
    functions by specifying them at the command line.

    Using SC, you can query the service status and retrieve the values
    stored in the status structure fields. Services.exe cannot provide
    you with the complete status of a service, but SC shows the exact
    state of the service, as well as the last checkpoint number and wait
    hint. You can use the checkpoint as a debugging tool because it
    indicates how far the initialization progressed before the program
    stopped responding. SC also lets you specify the name of a remote
    computer so that you can call the service API functions or view the
    service status structures on a remote computer.

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Examples

The following example shows how you can use the sc lock command:

sc lock

sc pause

Sends a PAUSE control request to a service.

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Remarks

  • If the ServiceDisplayName contains spaces, use quotation marks
    around the text (that is, “*Service Display Name*”).

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与劳务控制器和已安装的劳动进行通讯。exe检索和装置关于劳动的控制新闻。您能够行使sc.exe来测试和调节服务程序。存款和储蓄在注册表中的服务属性能够安装为控制什么在运行时运维服务应用程序,并作为后台进程运维。exe参数能够安排特定的服务,检索服务的脚下事态,以及截止和开发银行服务。您能够创制调用各个sc.exe命令的批处理文件,以自动化运维或关闭服务的顺序。exe提供类似于控制面板中的管理工科具项中的服务的职能。

Examples

上面包车型客车演示展现了什么运用 sc config 命令:

sc config NewService binpath= “ntsd -d
c:\windows\system32\NewServ.exe”

sc continue

Sends a CONTINUE control request to a service in order to resume a
paused service.

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Remarks

  • 若是没有三个parameter 和
    value之间的上空(例如,type=属于本身,而不是项目=本身),操作就会退步。

Syntax

sc [ServerNameinterrogate [ServiceName]

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Remarks

  • Locking the Service Control Manager’s database prevents any services
    from starting. Use this if you want to make sure that a service will
    not be started after it has been stopped. This will allow you to
    take some action (for example, deleting the service) without
    interference.

  • Using the lock operation locks the Service Control Manager’s
    database and then allows the database to be unlocked by typingu.
    You can also kill the process from which you locked the database.

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Syntax

sc [ServerNameconfig [ServiceName] [type= {own|share|kernel|filesys|rec|adapt|interact type= {own|share}}] [start={boot|system|auto|demand|disabled}] [error={normal|severe|critical|ignore}] [binpath= BinaryPathName] [group= LoadOrderGroup] [tag={yes|no}] [depend= dependencies] [obj= {AccountName|ObjectName}] [displayname= DisplayName] [password= Password]

Parameters

ServerName   : 钦点服务所在的中距离服务器的称谓。名称必须运用通用命名约定(UNC)格式(“myserver”)。要在本土运转sc.exe,请忽略这么些参数。

ServiceName   Specifies the service name returned by
the getkeyname operation.

/? Displays help at the command prompt.

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Examples

The following example shows how you can use the sc pause command:

sc pause tapisrv

sc qc

Queries the configuration information for a service.

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Remarks

  • Not all services can be stopped.

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Remarks

  • For more information about SDDL, see “Security Descriptor Definition
    Language” at the MSDN Online
    Library 
    .

sc sdshow

Displays a service’s security descriptor using SDDL.

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Examples

The following example shows how you can use the sc stop command:

sc stop tapisrv

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Remarks

  • If the buffer is not big enough, the enumdepend operation will
    output dependencies only partially, and will specify the additional
    buffer size required to output all dependencies. If the output is
    truncated, rerun the operation and specify the larger buffer size.

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Examples

上面包车型客车示范体现了如何运用 sc delete 命令:

sc delete newserv

 

sc description

为劳动设置描述字符串。

Parameters

ServerName   Specifies the name of the remote server on
which the service is located. The name must use the UNC format
(“\\myserver”). To run SC.exe locally, ignore this parameter.

ServiceName   Specifies the service name returned by
the getkeyname operation.

ServiceArguments   Specifies service arguments to pass to
the service to be started.

/? Displays help at the command prompt.

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对此命令语法,请单击上面包车型大巴别的2个sc命令:

Parameters

ServerName   点名服务所在的中远距离服务器的称谓。名称必须采纳通用命名约定(UNC)格式(“myserver”)。要在地点运营sc.exe,请忽略那一个参数。

[{ bad | OK }] :点名最终多个携带是坏的可能应当作为最终三个好的教导配置来保存。

/ ?在命令提醒符中呈现帮忙。

Examples

The following examples show how you can use the sc failure command:

sc failure msftpsvc reset= 30 actions= restart/5000 
sc failure dfs reset= 60 command=
c:\windows\services\restart_dfs.exe actions= run/5000
 
sc failure dfs reset= 60 actions= reboot/30000 
sc failure dfs reset= 60 reboot= “The Distributed File System service
has failed. Because of this, the computer will reboot in 30 seconds.”
actions= reboot/30000
 
sc failure myservice reset= 3600 reboot= “MyService crashed —
rebooting machine” command= “
 %windir%\MyServiceRecovery.exe”
actions= restart/5000/run/10000/reboot/60000

sc getdisplayname

Gets the display name associated with a particular service.

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Syntax

sc [ServerNamegetdisplayname [ServiceName] [BufferSize]

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Examples

The following examples show how you can use the sc
qdescription
 command:

sc qdescription rpcss 
sc qdescription rpcss 138

sc qfailure

Displays the actions that will be performed if the specified service
fails.

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Remarks

  • 从没参数和值时期的空格操作将会失利(正确:type= own,
    错误:type=own),

Syntax

sc [ServerNamedescription [ServiceName]
[Description]

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Parameters

ServerName   Specifies the name of the remote server on
which the service is located. The name must use the UNC format
(“\\myserver”). To run SC.exe locally, ignore this parameter.

ServiceName   Specifies the service name returned by
the getkeyname operation.

BufferSize   Specifies the size (in bytes) of the buffer.
The default is 1024 bytes.

/? Displays help at the command prompt.

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Syntax

sc[ServerNamecontrol [ServiceName] [{paramchange|netbindadd|netbindremove|netbindenable|netbinddisable|UserDefinedControlB}]

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sc boot

Examples

The following examples show how you can use the sc query command:

sc query 
sc query messenger 
sc query type= driver 
sc query type= service 
sc query state= all 
sc query bufsize= 50 
sc query ri= 14 
sc query type= service type= interact 
sc query type= driver group= ndis

sc queryex

Obtains and displays extended information about the specified service,
driver, type of service, or type of driver.

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Syntax

sc [ServerNamesdshow ServiceName

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Examples

上边包车型大巴例证彰显了怎么接纳 sc create 命令:

sc \\myserver create NewService binpath=
c:\windows\system32\NewServ.exe
 
sc create NewService binpath= c:\windows\system32\NewServ.exe type=
share start= auto depend= “+TDI Netbios”

sc create ServerWCF binPath=
“F:/SalesAndSalesManagement/ServerWCF/bin/Release/ServerWCF.exe” TYPE=
“own” start= “auto” TAG= “no” DisplayName= “ServerWCF”

 

sc delete

从注册表中删去服务子键。要是服务正在运作,恐怕另七个历程对劳务有二个开辟的句柄,那么该服务将被标记为除去。

Examples

The following examples show how you can use the sc
getdisplayname
 command:

sc getdisplayname clipsrv 
sc getdisplayname tapisrv 
sc getdisplayname sharedaccess

sc getkeyname

Gets the key name associated with a particular service, using the
display name as input.

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Remarks

  • 采用添加或删除程序来删除DHCP、DNS或其余其余内置的操作系统服务。添加或删除程序不仅会去除服务的挂号表子键,还会卸载服务并删除服务的其余急速格局。

Remarks

  • Without a space between a parameter and its value (that is, type=
    own
    , not type=own), the operation will fail.

  • The query operation displays the following information about a
    service: SERVICE_NAME (service’s registry subkey name), TYPE, STATE
    (as well as states which are not available), WIN32_EXIT_B,
    SERVICE_EXIT_B, CHECKPOINT, and WAIT_HINT.

  • The type= parameter can be used twice in some cases. The first
    appearance of the type= parameter specifies whether to query
    services, drivers, or all. The second appearance of
    the type= parameter specifies a type from
    the create operation to further narrow a query’s scope.

  • When the display resulting from a query command exceeds the size
    of the enumeration buffer, a message similar to the following is
    displayed:

    Enum: more data, need 1822 bytes start resume at index 79

    To display the remaining query information, rerun query,
    setting bufsize= to be the number of bytes and ri= to the
    specified index. For example, the remaining output would be
    displayed by typing the following at the command line:

    sc query bufsize= 1822 ri= 79

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Parameters

ServerName   Specifies the name of the remote server on
which the service is located. The name must use the UNC format
(“\\myserver”). To run SC.exe locally, ignore this parameter.

ServiceName   Specifies the service name returned by
the getkeyname operation. This queryex parameter is not used in
conjunction with any other queryex parameters except ServerName.

type= { driver | service | all }   Specifies
what to enumerate. The default type is service.

Value

Description

driver

Specifies that only drivers are enumerated.

service

Specifies that only services are enumerated.

all

Specifies that both drivers and services are enumerated.

type= { own | share | interact | kernel | filesys | rec | adapt } : Specifies
the type of services or type of drivers to enumerate.

Value

Description

own

The service runs in its own process. It does not share an executable file with other services. This is the default.

share

The service runs as a shared process. It shares an executable file with other services.

interact

The service can interact with the desktop, receiving input from users. Interactive services must be run under the LocalSystem account.

kernel

Driver.

filesys

File system driver.

state= { active | inactive | all }   Specifies
the started state of the service for which to enumerate. The default
state is active.

Value

Description

active

Specifies all active services.

inactive

Specifies all paused or stopped services.

all

Specifies all services.

bufsize=   BufferSize   Specifies the size (in
bytes) of the enumeration buffer. The default size is 1024 bytes.

ri=   ResumeIndex   Specifies the index number at
which to begin or resume the enumeration. The default is 0.

group=   GroupName   Specifies the service group to
enumerate. The default is all groups.

/? Displays help at the command prompt.

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Remarks

  • Sending INTERROGATE to a service causes the service to update its
    status with the Service Control Manager.

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Examples

The following examples show how you can use the sc
interrogate
 command:

sc interrogate sharedaccess 
sc interrogate rpcss

sc lock

Locks the Service Control Manager’s database.

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Syntax

sc [ServerNameenumdepend [ServiceName] [BufferSize]

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Syntax

sc [ServerNamequery [ServiceName] [type= {driver|service|all}] [type= {own|share|interact|kernel|filesys|rec|adapt}] [state={active|inactive|all}] [bufsize= BufferSize] [ri= ResumeIndex] [group= GroupName

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Examples

The following example shows how you can use the sc continue command:

sc continue tapisrv

sc control

Sends a CONTROL B to a service.

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