ubuntu:通过封装验证码类库一步步装置php的gd增加

小编深信不疑广大人的lamp环境都以一向复制一堆参数安装进去的,那里有恐怕成功,也有大概破产,如果是新手,猜测要遇见各个错误,固然安装成功,也不见得知道这些参数是干嘛的,反正装进去能用就行。

本人当场开首的时候也是如此, 完全一脸懵逼,直到作者后来进修了(
C语言,Linux,Linux系统编程,计算机原理等
)才能玩转服务器配置,精通原理。

本文通过二个经文的验证码成效,告诉您什么样按需安装扩张!!!

要卷入3个php的验证码类库,那么须求gd扩张的支撑,由于自家以前的php是简单编译安装的,没有gd库的支撑,所以要先安装php的gd库

要想成功安装gd库,须求设置很多的敬重: zlib, png, jpeg, libiconv,
freetype

1,zlib俺事先在安装 php
memcache的扩展
时候,已经安装过了

2,安装png

wget
http://prdownloads.sourceforge.net/libpng/libpng-1.5.4.tar.gz?download

mv libpng-1.5.4.tar.gz\?download libpng-1.5.4.tar.gz

tar xf libpng-1.5.4.tar.gz

cd libpng-1.5.4/

./configure

make && sudo make install

3,安装jpeg

wget http://www.ijg.org/files/jpegsrc.v9b.tar.gz

tar xf jpegsrc.v9b.tar.gz

cd jpeg-9b/

./configure

make && sudo make install

4,安装libiconv

wget https://ftp.gnu.org/pub/gnu/libiconv/libiconv-1.15.tar.gz

tar xf libiconv-1.15.tar.gz

cd libiconv-1.15/

./configure

make && sudo make install

5,安装freeType

wget
https://download.savannah.gnu.org/releases/freetype/freetype-2.9.tar.gz

tar xf freetype-2.9.tar.gz

cd freetype-2.9/

./configure

make && sudo make install

6,到了最重大的地点了,安装php gd扩大 

切换成php原码包下  ext/gd  那几个目录

>先进行phpize外挂模块( /usr/local/php54/bin/phpize  )

>./configure –with-php-config=/usr/local/php54/bin/php-config
-with-png-dir –with-freetype-dir –with-jpeg-dir -with-zlib-dir
–with-gd 

>make && sudo make install

 

开端封装php验证码库,最终效果

图片 1

  1 <?php
  2 
  3 class Captcha {
  4     //验证码字符个数
  5     protected $num;
  6     //宽度
  7     protected $width;
  8     //高度
  9     protected $height;
 10     //资源
 11     protected $im;
 12     //类型: 1:纯数字, 2:纯字母 3:数字与字母混合
 13     protected $codeType;
 14     //生成的验证码字符串
 15     protected $codeString;
 16 
 17     public function __construct( $_num = 4, $_width = 150, $_height = 50, $_codeType = 3 ){
 18         $this->num = $_num;
 19         $this->width = $_width;
 20         $this->height = $_height;
 21         $this->codeType = $_codeType;
 22         $this->codeString = $this->createCodeString();
 23     }
 24 
 25     public function __get( $name ) {
 26         if( $name == 'codeString' ) {
 27             return $this->codeString;
 28         }
 29         return false;
 30     }
 31 
 32     protected function createCodeString(){
 33         switch( $this->codeType ){
 34             case 1:
 35                 $code = $this->createNumCode();
 36                 break;
 37             case 2:
 38                 $code = $this->createCharCode();
 39                 break;
 40             case 3:
 41                 $code = $this->createNumCharCode();
 42                 break;
 43             default:
 44                 die( "暂时没有其他的验证码类型,你可以继承这个类来添加额" );
 45         }
 46         return $code;
 47     }
 48 
 49     protected function createNumCode(){
 50         $numString = join( "", range( 0, 9 ) );
 51         return substr( str_shuffle( $numString ), 0, $this->num );
 52     }
 53 
 54     protected function createCharCode(){
 55         $charString = join( "", range( 'a', 'z' ) );
 56         $charString .= strtoupper( $charString );
 57         return substr( str_shuffle( $numString ), 0, $this->num );
 58     }
 59 
 60     protected function createNumCharCode(){
 61         $numCharString = join( "", range( 0, 9 ) );
 62         $charString = join( "", range( 'a', 'z' ) );
 63         $charString .= strtoupper( $charString );
 64         $mixedString = $numCharString . $charString;
 65         return substr( str_shuffle( $mixedString ), 0, $this->num );
 66     }
 67     
 68     protected function createCanvas(){
 69         $this->im = imagecreatetruecolor( $this->width, $this->height );
 70     }
 71 
 72     protected function fillCanvas( $type ){
 73         switch( $type ) {
 74             case 1:
 75                 $color = imagecolorallocate( $this->im, mt_rand( 0, 150 ), mt_rand( 0, 150 ), mt_rand( 0, 150 ) );
 76                 break;
 77             case 2:
 78                 $color = imagecolorallocate( $this->im, mt_rand( 150, 255 ), mt_rand( 150, 255 ), mt_rand( 150, 255 ) );
 79                 break;
 80             default:
 81                 die( "不支持的填充类型" );
 82                 break;
 83         }
 84         imagefill( $this->im, 0, 0, $color );
 85     }
 86 
 87     protected function drawCodeString(){
 88         for( $i = 0; $i < $this->num; $i++ ){
 89             $fontColor = imagecolorallocate( $this->im, mt_rand( 0, 255 ), mt_rand( 0, 255 ), mt_rand( 0, 255 ) );
 90             $char = $this->codeString[$i];
 91             $x = ( $i * ( ($this->width) / $this->num ) ) + mt_rand( 5, 10 );
 92             $y = mt_rand( 0, $this->height / 2 ) + mt_rand( 5, 10 );
 93             imagestring( $this->im, 5, $x, $y, $char, $fontColor );
 94         }            
 95     }
 96 
 97     protected function renderImage(){
 98         header( "Content-type:image/png" );
 99         imagepng( $this->im );
100     }
101 
102     protected function fillDisturb(){
103             for( $i = 0; $i < 100; $i++ ){
104                 $color = imagecolorallocate( $this->im, mt_rand( 0, 255 ), mt_rand( 0, 255 ), mt_rand( 0, 255 ) );
105                 imagesetpixel( $this->im, mt_rand( 0, $this->width ), mt_rand( 0, $this->height ), $color );
106             }
107     }
108 
109     public function render(){
110         //创建画布/背景
111         $this->createCanvas();
112         //填充画布颜色
113         $this->fillCanvas( 1 );
114         //填充干扰元素
115         $this->fillDisturb();    
116         //填充验证码
117         $this->drawCodeString();
118         //显示验证码
119         $this->renderImage();
120     }
121 }
122 
123 $capt = new Captcha();
124 //echo $capt->codeString . PHP_EOL;
125 $capt->render();
126 ?>

 

小结:

1,复习类库的包裹

2,领悟增添安装原理 

  

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